|2 (2018)||Сollection of various connected cultural plants for the National Center for Plant Genetic Recources of Ukraine||Annotation|
Сollection of various connected cultural plants for the National Center for Plant Genetic Recources of Ukraine
UDC 581.522.4, 581.522.68 https://doi.org/10.31867/2523-4544/0045
O. M. Bilyk , L. M. Holovash , V. Ya. Kocherga ., D. M. Kocherga , L. Yа. Kharchenko. Grain Crops. 2018.2 (2). 337–341.
Ustymivka Experimental Stationof Plant Production of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev NAAS,
15 Akademik Vavylov Str., Ustymivka village, Hlobyno district , Poltava region, 39074, Ukraine
Identification of growth sites and sample collection for the conservation of wildlife diversity, maintaining the safety of the functioning of natural ecosystems and attracting highly adaptable forms of plant genetic resources to the National Bank for the development of basic and applied science, education, and agricultural production in Ukraine.
The structure of the expedition included 5 scientists of the Ustimov experimental station. The expeditionary meeting was held on August 9, 2018. The total length of the route was 320 km. The search work was carried out in accordance with the methodology of research institutions of Ukraine and abroad: the Institute of Plant Cultivation. V. Ya. Yuriev, FAO, Bioversity International and others.
11 sites were surveyed and 37 samples of 26 botanical species were collected. All collected specimens belong to wildlife. For comparison. During the expedition in 2016 the territories of Semeniv and Khorol districts of the Poltava region, having overcome the distance of 240 km, were collected 254 samples of 75 botanical taxa. The diversity of samples collected in 2018 is represented by the following groups of crops: leguminous plants – 1 sample, vegetable – 1, feed – 24, technical – 4, medicinal plants – 3, decorati-ve – 4 samples.
During the expedition there was recorded a single cell of growth of such a purely steppe, cereal, like a scalloped wheatgrass ¬ within the limits of. Lelyukhivka of the Novosanzhar district (on a hill, probably a mound mound, 49.355713, 34.285968). Particular attention should be drawn to a detailed survey of the two sites (the format of the expedition this did not allow to do). The first is the thrown dumps of the Mining and Processing Plant within the villages of Solonitsa, Solonets, Bazaluky and Eristovka of the Kremenchug district (site number 1, Solonets village, 49.112901, 33.651539). The second site is the old town of Kobelyachka within the village of. Butenki Kobelyatsky district (site number 3, 49.260000, 34.136121). Biodiversity is represented by a typical vegetation of drowning wet meadows.
According to the route of expeditionary search, particular attention was paid to the species diversity of the vegetation of the mounds. To date, the vast majority of burial mounds are plowed, and the rest are built up.
Modern vegetation is significantly different from natural and is a consequence of intensive economic activity. Dominant factions were agro-cultural vegetation and field weeds, ruderal vegetation, and artificial tree plantations. Conclusions The collected samples were transferred to the resource departments of the establishments-executors of NTP "Genetic Fund of Plants" specializing in the corresponding cultures for indepth study on economic and biological characteristics and properties, the further inclusion of the best of them in the National gene bank of plants of Ukraine and use in breeding, scientific and other programs by the institutions of Ukraine.
Key words: NationalCenter for Plant Genetic Recources of Ukraine, expeditionary collection, collection, wild relatives, specimens.