Standardization and metrology
|2 (2019)||The new standard for wheat grain: features of development and application||Annotation|
The new standard for wheat grain: features of development and application
Kirpa N. Ya., Lupitko O. I., Morhun O. V. Grain Crops. 2019. 3 (2). 233–239.
SE Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy of Agrarian Sciences, 14, Volodymyr Vernadskyi Str.,
Dnipro, 49027, Ukraine
A new standard DSTU 3768: 2019 "Wheat. Technical conditions" has been developed, which is mandatory for use in various fields of growing, harvesting, storing, processing and selling grain of this crop. Compared with the previous one (DSTU 3768: 2010), it differs in that the number of classes of soft wheat is reduced to four classes. In addition, it includes new quality indicators and methods for its determination, as well as links to existing rules, instructions, and norms. The new standard is close to international regulatory documents in terms of harmonization with the food safety requirements of wheat grains. The standard is mandatory since June 10, 2019.
The purpose of the work is to analyze the previous standards for wheat grain, to determine its structure of cultivation by classes, to develop a new standard depending on the requirements of the internal and external markets of grain.
The analysis included national standards (DSTU), interstate (GOST), international (ISO, FAO, EN), which concerned wheat grain quality [2–11]. The structure of wheat cultivation was established according to grain quality classes according to data of the State Register of Enterprises for the period 2014–2018. Specialists of different fields of cultivation, harvesting, storage, processing and export of wheat grain crop were involved in the development of the standard. In the process of development, discussions and decisions were made on the basis of the technical committee TC 170 “Cereals and products of their processing” according to the standardization provision.
New DSTU Standard 3768: 2019 “Wheat. Specifications ”, which became effective on June 10, 2019 in all areas of production and movement of grain – at the stage of growing and harvesting from farms, processing, storage and sale of finished products.
The new standard made the following major changes compared to the previous DSTU 3768: 2010 “Wheat. Specifications":
- reduced number of classes for soft wheat grain;
- increased quality of grain (nature, number of falls, the content of harmful impurities, fusarium grains);
- for the first time normalized non-classifying indicators – content of grains damaged by bug bug, force of flour;
- introduced a new technique for the determination of particulate grains by microscopy;
- reference is made to the applicable standards, rules, new standards of the DSTU, ISO and EN group.
The new standard is based on grain quality indices according to which wheat is divided into four classes of soft wheat, with five grades remaining for solid. Wheat grade 1-3 is used for food (mainly in the milling and baking industries) and for export. Grade 4 wheat is used for food and non-food uses and for export. At the request of the customer, soft and durum wheat grain can be determined by other non-class quality indicators: content of grains damaged by bug bugs, alveograph flour strength, sedimentation index, etc., according to current procedures.
The development of the standard was carried out by the relevant committee of TC 170 "Cereals and their processed products", scientific support was provided by the IZK NAAN DU. Due to the implementation, a significant technical and economic effect is achieved – the placement, storage and processing of grain lots in the domestic market, as well as export to foreign markets, is facilitated.
Key words: standard for wheat grain, division into classes, quality indicators, methods, food safety, environmental protection.
|2 (2019)||Measurement control system in agricultural laboratories: implementation problems and its efficiency||Annotation|
Measurement control system in agricultural laboratories: implementation problems and its efficiency
bandyrska O. V. Grain Crops. 2019. 3 (2). 240–250.
Institute of Agriculture of the Carpathian egion of NAAS, 5Grushevskogo str., p. Obroshine Pustomitivskiy district
of Lviv region,81115, Ukraine
The most common problems of implementation of the measurement management system in the laboratories of agrarian subordination are described, the ways of solving the issue for making the decision on obtaining the authorization.Psychological moments of selection of the personnel are analyzed, the efficiency of implementation of the measurement control system is estimated. The article should encourage managers of agricultural laboratories of different ownership to develop documentation in accordance with the requirements of DSTU ISO 10012: 2005 "Measurement manage on document are specified, the requirements for documentation are clearly stated. emend systems. Requirements for Measurement Processes and Measuring Equipment »to increase the efficiency of operations and the prospect of selling services in the international market. Points of documentation that must be worked out in accordance with the requirements of normative documents in relation to presentation to the authorized organ from the estimation of accordance of control system measuring in laboratories described in detail. Indicated where are what interesting moments in relation to the choice of normative documents for the evaluation of control system measuring in accordance with made decision by the leader of structural subdivision or organization. The article gives sufficient information on a decision-making by a leader in development of documentation in relation to control system measuring and allows beforehand to forecast charges, analyze and educe and also estimate necessary resources for the effective evaluation of such system.
Keywords: quality, measurement management system, standard, efficiency and effectiveness of the system, agrarian laboratory, certificate ofrecognition, quality guidance.